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Skin Care 101 Q’s And A’s

  1. WILL RETINOL MAKE MY SKIN SUN SENSITIVE?

Retinol breaks down upon sun exposure so it should be used only at night.  It is a myth that retinol makes your skin sun sensitive.  Retinol is a form of vitamin A that helps protect your skin from sun damage by reducing levels of an enzyme called collagenase that is produced after sun exposure.  For this and other reasons, retinol can help protect your skin from sun damage.  However, if your skin gets irritated from the retinol and you go into the sun, you can develop postinflammatory hyperpigmentation or dark patches.  It is a good idea to always wear sunscreen in the morning every day whether you are using retinol or not.

 

  1. WHAT DO I DO TO TREAT THE DARK CIRCLES UNDER MY EYES?

Dark circles can be caused by sluggish blood flow around the eyes leading to deposition of a pigment found in blood called hemosiderin.  Dark circles around the eyes also can be caused by an increased amount of the pigment melanin that occurs from sun exposure, heat, estrogen, and stress.  Treatments include lifestyle habits that increase blood circulation, such as smoking cessation and exercise.  Ingredients such as ascorbic acid, kojic acid, arbutin, and hydroquinone will help decrease melanin production, and may improve dark circles caused by increased melanin.  Wearing a daily sunscreen around the eyes is a very important part of improving the appearance of dark circles.

 

  1. DO I NEED AN EYE CREAM?

Most people need an eye product whether it is a serum, gel, or cream.  The most common indications for eye treatment products are dark circles, puffy eyes, dryness, fine lines, or redness.  Eye treatment products can protect the delicate eye area from medications such as tretinoin that gets on the pillowcase and is transferred to the eye area at night.  Eye creams that have humectants, such as heparin sulfate or hyaluronic acid, should be used to treat fine lines and dryness. 

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